Regulation should be judiciously applied to create an appropriate balance between heritage values and the rights of property owners. Ideally regulation should be counter-balanced with non-regulatory methods of management.
Regional coastal plans will also need to identify heritage places in the coastal marine area and provide for them in rules.
As outlined above, local authorities shall have regard to any relevant entry on the New Zealand Heritage List/Rārangi Kōrero required by the Heritage NZ Pouhere Taonga Act 2014 when preparing or changing a policy or plan under the RMA.
Under section 74 of the Heritage NZ Pouhere Taonga Act 2014, local authorities are required to have particular regard to any recommendations from Heritage New Zealand concerning the conservation and protection of a historic area or wāhi tapu area.
While the purpose of the former Historic Places Register under the Historic Places Act 1993 included to ‘assist’ in protection under the RMA, the purpose of the New Zealand Heritage List/Rārangi Kōrero is to be a ‘source of information’ about historic places, historic areas, wāhi tūpuna, wāhi tapu and wāhi tapu areas for the purposes of the RMA. This change aimed to distinguish between the purpose of the New Zealand Heritage List/Rārangi Kōrero to identify historic heritage, and protection of historic heritage from inappropriate subdivision and development under the RMA.
In addition, the Heritage NZ Pouhere Taonga Act 2014 includes National Historic Landmarks/Ngā Manawhenua me ona Kōrero Tūturu which is a list of places of outstanding national heritage value.